Yearly Archives

2017

TWO MORE WEEKS LEFT TO PARTICIPATE IN MICRO FIT PROGRAM

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The IESO announce that it will only accept Mico FIT applications until 11:59 p.m. EST on December 28, 2017, or until the final 50 MW Annual Procurement Target is reached, whichever is earlier. If the Annual Procurement Target be reached before December 28, 2017, the IESO will immediately stop accepting MIcro FIT applications.

It further said that applications submitted to the IESO prior to or on the date on which the IESO stops accepting applications will only be reviewed if capacity becomes available in the Annual Procurement Target by December 29, 2017. And applications will continue to be reviewed in the order that they are received.

It also said, any application that is not allocated to the Annual Procurement Target (i.e., any application that has not been set to Pending LDC Offer to Connect status) by December 29, 2017, will be terminated and the applications that have achieved Pending LDC Offer to Connect status will continue to be processed.

So if you are thinking to participate in the Micro FIT program you should act immediately and submit your application at the earliest as only two weeks window left. We can help you get your application in successfully in a timely manner, do not hesitate to contact us.

IT IS TIME TO ACT BEFORE MICROFIT PROGRAM ENDS

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Ontario’s Ministry of Energy has set 28th December 2017 as the date to switch incentive program from current Feed in Tariff program to Net Metering Program. Hence it is important to understand the difference between these two programs and make a decision if you want to participate in Feed in Tariff program before it ends.

With Feed in Tariff program, you sell all the electricity generated by your solar power system to the utility at higher price than you pay for the electricity when you consume. And you continue to buy all the electricity you need from the utility at the lower retail price than the price paid under Feed in Tariff program. Because you are continuing to buy your electricity from the utility you do not need to have storage to store and use the electricity at night.

With net metering program when your solar power system produces electricity, it goes first power your home needs at that time. If your solar power system produces less electricity than your home need or if you need energy when the sun isn’t shining at all, that power is automatically supplied from the utility grid. If your solar power system produces more electricity than you need, the extra electricity is send back to the utility grid and you get credited for the electricity you send back to the grid at the same retail price that you pay for the electricity you consume from the grid.

With net metering, the homeowner is only billed for the “net” electricity used each month, that is, the difference between the energy produced by the solar power system and the energy consumed by the house over the monthly billing period. If your solar power system produces more than what you consume in a billing cycle, you get credit and this credit is carried forward to the next billing cycles. Under the Net metering program, credit is carried forward to twelve months and at the end of twelfth month it is reset to zero.

An existing microFIT contract would not be revoked as a result of the introduction of the new net metering program. Upon expiration or termination of a microFIT contract, the current microFIT contract holders could apply to the net metering program.

You are eligible to participate in the Net Metering program as long as you are:
– Planning to generate electricity primarily for your own use
– Using a renewable energy source (solar, wind, hydro, bio)
– Maximum size of your system is less than 500 kW
How will your hydro bill be calculated?

The value of the amount of eligible electricity generated and returned into the Local Utility Company’s grid will be deducted from the value of the amount of electricity you consumed from the system. If the result is positive, you will receive an adjustment on your monthly hydro bill. If the result is negative (meaning you’ve exported more energy than you’ve consumed), you will receive a credit which will be carried over into your next billing period. Important!!! Excess energy credits from previous billing cycles can be carried-over up to a maximum of twelve months.

We have made an effort to explain the difference between these two programs, if it is still not clear to you or if you have other questions or would like to get a free solar assessment of your property do not hesitate to contact us. If you want to take advantage of the microFIT program before it is too late you need to act now. We can help you get into the microFIT program before it ends. Click here and complete the form one of our representatives will be in touch with you to assist you.

SOLAR ECLIPSE AND SOLAR POWER PLANTS

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While North America is anxiously waiting for the solar eclipse, the solar energy industry is very cautious about the event. Power plant managers and electricity system operators in North America are cautiously preparing for this event when the moon passes between the earth and the sun.

An eclipse is caused by the alignment of the earth, the moon, and the sun. It’s a relatively rare occurrence because the moon doesn’t orbit in the same plane as the earth and sun. However, when all three line up, the moon covers up the disc of the sun, and those in the direct path of the moon’s shadow will be able to see the sun become dark.

August 2017 solar eclipse in its totality will last for about two minutes and 40 seconds. The effect of this total solar eclipse will turn the day into the night. Eclipses have happened before but this eclipse is happening at the time electricity generation from solar and wind are exceeding electricity generation form other tradition sources such as hydro, coal, nuclear, and so on.

During the solar eclipse, electricity generation from solar power plants will drop to zero and electricity system operators have to match this drop with electricity from other sources such as gas, and hydro to keep the electricity grid stable and to provide electricity to customers during this short period. Furthermore, when the solar eclipse come to an end, solar plants will suddenly start pumping huge amount of electricity into the grid and electricity system operators must react to these changes in a timely manner to keep the electric grid stable and to provide electricity to their customers.

Even though Electricity system operators reach out to “peaker” power plants to smooth out swings from solar and wind on a regular basis on a much smaller scale the sudden drop and jump in demand for power from the grid due to eclipse would be much larger and raises worries about overburdening a system that will already be running at a summer peak.

This eclipse is happening at an interesting time when solar power plant capacities in many countries are increasing steadily. This event also will expose us to many unknowns and will help to make the solar power plants more robust and stable in years to come. We are confident that when we pass through this event we will have more experience, data and confidence that are necessary to make solar energy main stream.

TYPES OF SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS

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Written by Nani Pradeepan, P.Eng.

 

Depending on the type of property and where it is located a specific type of solar electric system that best suits for the needs. Depending on where a property is located – in the heart of a city, in the suburbs or in the woods an appropriate type of solar electric system installation must be implemented.

Location is the key characteristic as grid availability and distance from the grid will be determinant in choosing the type of system best for a given property.

There are basically three types of Solar Electric Systems:

Grid Tied Solar Systems, Grid Tied Solar System with a Battery Back-up or Hybrid Power Generator, and the Off-Grid Solar Power System.

Grid Tie Solar System:

This is a very common type of installation for cities and suburbs with close proximity to the electric grid. In this system, the PV installation is connected to the grid and two meters or one two-way meter may be installed to measure the flow of electricity to and from the grid.

In Ontario residents participates in Micro FIT program need to have two meters to measure the flow of electricity and the Ontarians participates in Net metering program need to have one two-way meter to measure the flow of electricity.

The advantage with Grid Tied Solar System is that the PV installation need not necessarily be seized to meet all the needs of a property. If demand surpasses supply at any one time especially in peak hours, electricity is simply pulled from the grid to make up. This situation is reversed when the capacity of the installed Grid Tied Solar System is high enough and produces more than needed electricity. The extra electric power is pushed or back-fed into the grid which produces credits the consumer can then use at periods of low production such as at night to offset their power consumption.

Grid Tie Solar System with Back-up or Hybrid Power system:

Grid Tie Solar System with Back-up system differs from the above described in that it has a battery or power generator to provide power during grid outage. Grid Tie Solar System with Back-up best suits areas without a reliable power grid. Our solar engineer design the system to store some of the electricity produced when production exceeds demand for use when the grid goes down. This type of system can also incorporate an electric generator for the same function.

Off-Grid Solar Power System:

Off-Grid Solar Power System is for locations without traditional electric grid. It best suits for properties located in the woods, mountains or remote areas of the developing world with no electric grid.

Off-Grid Solar Power System also incorporates the battery and the power generator in its design. Instead of using a battery or generator as a back-up as in the previously described system, it is used as a necessary component.

The battery is used to save electricity produced during the day time to use in nights and during rainy/cloudy days. A generator is provided in this case when the battery drains out due to continuous use and in days with no low power production from solar.

Use of these systems depends on location and it is important to note that in each design, convenience and efficiency will vary significantly depending on the use and location.

Now you know more about solar electric system types–which of these would best suite your needs depending on your location? We can help you pick the best solution for your need and location; do not hesitate to contact us with any questions you may have.

WHAT IS INVERTER CLIPPING?

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Written by Nani Pradeepan, P.Eng.

Inverter

We know that solar panels produce direct current (DC) electricity and our utility grid is powered by alternating current electricity (AC). Inverter used in solar power system converts solar DC electricity to AC electricity we all use at homes and other buildings.

As solar panels are rated at standard test conditions and not all installation locations and situations come close to these test conditions. Hence it often makes sense to oversize a solar array relative to inverter rating. This enable for greater AC electricity harvest when production is below the inverter’s rating, which is typically for most of the day and also can results in clipping.

Inverter clipping

Every inverter has a maximum rated power and it will generally never output more than their max-rated AC power. This is very important as the component ratings of the power electronics in the inverter are designed with a specific power and voltage range and the grid connection points in the buildings are designed with a specific max power limits.

When the DC solar array is generating the most amount of energy that is greater than the inverter’s power rating, the “extra” power generated by the array is “clipped” by the inverter to ensure it is operating within its capabilities. This leads to a flat line in the green curve in the figure below, and capping the power at the inverter’s nameplate power rating during peak production hours and known as inverter clipping.

The purple line in the figure shows a typical bell curve of AC output power peaking at noon, just below the rating of the inverter indicated by the dashed line. If we increase the size of the solar array by adding more panels, which increase the DC-to-AC ratio of the system (as illustrated by the green curve), we can harvest more energy throughout the day. The area between the green and purple curves is the energy that is gained by increasing the DC-to-AC ratio.

Standard test condition temperature is 25ºC but solar panels are hotter than 25ºC when the array is receiving maximum sunlight. Higher than rated temperature of 25ºC results in loss of power production when solar panel receive maximum sunlight. In other words the solar array produces less than the rated power when solar array receive maximum sunlight, this reduce the losses due to clipping of inverter.

SOLAR SHINGLES VS TRADITIONAL SOLAR PANELS

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Written by Nani Pradeepan, P.Eng.

As the cost of a solar installation come down people are looking for choices for their solar systems. One of the choices people look for is a solar PV system with minimal deviation to the appearance of their house.

Solar roof shingles are one way to turn a traditional shingle roof into an energy producer. Solar roof shingles are a new green roofing product of the past few years. Solar shingles like traditional solar panels use the sun light to create electricity. Each of the solar shingles is comprised of photovoltaic cells and each shingle is a small PV module that has to be connected electrically in series to reach the DC voltage needed by the inverter which converts the DC electricity to commonly used AC electricity.

The typical DC input voltage for inverters is 350 to 500 VDC. That means many shingles need to be wired in series. This requires long strings of module to module connections wires that are all hidden beneath the finished roof and difficult to access.

When one module or its connection fails, all the modules in the string go out just like in Christmas tree lights. A service tech has no easy way of knowing which shingle is defective. A big portion of the roof often needs to be taken apart, and all components tested. Then, if matching replacement solar shingles are available, the array may be able to be reassembled.

PV shingles have been nailed or screwed into place as the PV shingles marketers wanted to entice roofers to be installers. However, roofers do not have the understanding or the necessary training to install solar-electric systems. If there is an electrical arc caused by a faulty shingle-to-shingle connection, it could start a fire in combustible tarpaper and wood roof sheathing.

Solar shingles are less efficient than traditional solar panels meaning need more roof surface than the traditional solar panels. Rated output of solar shingles is about 12 watts per square foot; whereas today’s best crystalline modules offer about 20 watts per square foot. Since solar shingles are installed on the roof deck there is no back-surface convective airflow, the all-black solar shingles run hotter than conventional solar panels, meaning further lower efficiency and possibly shorter product life.

PV shingles have been a transitory product. How long will companies selling this product keep producing them? For example, after five years, Dow ceased manufacturing and distributing solar shingles. There is no long-term experience with solar shingles products and they may or may not last. Will the warranty be supported over twenty five years as with traditional solar panels?

Even if the company and product is still available, will it be in the same form and electrical configuration to allow replacement? With all these uncertainties at present solar shingles are not prudent options for a green roof.

Currently, there’s no mass produced solar PV shingle solution for retrofit. If your house has a black roof, using conventional black-on-black modules installed flush with the roof may offer the best acceptable solution. Standard framed PV modules have been proven, reliable and productive, and we know how to install them well for the long term. For many people, the solution is to accept the beauty of a product that will produce clean electricity reliably for 40+ years.

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